Scientific name: Cyphotilapia
Geographic origin: lake Tanganyika
Distribution: cross lake
Habitat: Deep rocky habitat
Breeding: Maternal mouth brooder
Physical description: The Cyphotilapia maximum size is 40 cm. The Cyphotilapia is a piscivore - the teeth on the pharyngeal bone are sharp & slender in shape in order to consume live pray.
General information: There are three Cyphotilapia species: sp. North, Frontosa & Gibberosa. The sp. North variants ranging from Maswa area at the northern east coast of the lake at Tanzania through Burundi coasts at the north part of the lake, to Kavala area at the northern west coast of the lake at Congo(most familiar variants are: Bulu point, Karilani Burundi, Kavala, etc.). The Gibberosa variants are ranging from Ikola at the middle east coast of the lake at Tanzania through Zambia coasts at the south of the lake, to Tembwe at the the middle east coast of the lake at Congo(most familiar variants are: Ikola, Mpimbwe, Kipili, Bismark, Nangu, Kapampa, Moba, Kitumba, etc.). The Frontosa variants located at Kigoma region at Tanzania and also familiar by the name "7 stripes Frontosa".
Anatomical, physiological or behavioral adaptations: In the wild, Cyphotilapia generally lives in groups ranging from 15-25 Individuals at the deep rocky habitat. The group consists of one alpha male, 2-3 three smaller, sub-dominant males & the rest are females. Therefore in the aquarium, it is recommended to retain a ratio of 2 males & least 10 females to reduce aggression & achieving successful breeding. Suitable tankmates: Altolamprologus, large lamprologines, Grammatotria lemairii, Benthochromis tricoti, Haplotaxodon microlepis, Gnathochromis permaxiliaris etc.
Living condition: Cyphotilapia should be given low fat, high protein food consists of fish, krill, shrimps, mussels from quality source. Avoid feeding Cyphotilpia with floating food which can cause float situation. The temperature should range from 24-27 degrees Celsius. pH level should range from 8-9